Commonwealth Law Revision Commission

CNMI History Chart

Commonwealth Agency History Chart

Agency Name: Date: Action: Form of Agency: Authority:
Accountancy, Board of 2003-05-20 Established Independent Board PL 13-52 (4 CMC 3402)
Alcohol & Tobacco Control 1999-03-26 Division, Dep't of Commerce Division PL 11-75 (4 CMC 50131)
Alcoholic Beverage Control 1963-05-23 Established Independent Board DL 1-6
Alcoholic Beverage Control 1994-08-23 Eliminated, functions transferred to Dep't of Commerce n/a EO 94-3
Amateur Sports Association 1985-10-02 Established Public Corporation PL 4-66 (1 CMC 9503)
Amateur Sports Association 1994-08-23 Office, Division of Sports & Recreation Office EO 94-3
Amateur Sports Association 2014-05-07 Eliminated, functions transferred to Sports Association (non-gov't corporation) n/a PL 18-49
Animal Health & Industry 1985-08-29 Established, Dep't of Natural Resources Office PL 4-55 (2 CMC 5323)
Apprenticeship Program 2006-04-10 Established, Northern Marianas College Office PL 15-5 (3 CMC 1351)
Attorney General 1978-08-10 Established Department PL 1-8 (1 CMC 2151)
Banking 1984-02-06 Division, Dep't of Commerce & Labor Division PL 3-104 (4 CMC 6101)
Board of Education 1983-01-19 Established Independent Board PL 3-43 (1 CMC 2261)
Board of Parole 1978-08-10 Established Independent Board PL 1-8 (6 CMC 4201)
Board of Parole 1994-08-23 Division, Office of the Special Assistant for Administration Division EO 94-3
Board of Parole 1998-04-08 Restored to independence Independent Board PL 11-8
Boating Safety 1982-10-13 Established, Dep't of Public Safety Division PL 3-25 (3 CMC 5401)
Building Safety 1990-02-02 Established, Dep't of Public Works Division PL 6-45 (2 CMC 7121)
Business License Application Task Force 2001-11-30 Established Council PL 12-76 (4 CMC 5661)
Business Licensing 1982-06-01 Division, Dep't of Commerce & Labor Division PL 3-11 (4 CMC 1503)
Business Licensing 1999-03-19 Eliminated, functions transferred to Division of Revenue & Taxation n/a PL 11-73 (4 CMC 5611)
Carolinian Affairs 1978-01-09 Established Office NMI Const. art. III, sec. 18
Carolinian Affairs 1994-08-23 Office, Dep't of Community & Cultural Affairs Office EO 94-3
Casino Regulatory Commission 2014-03-21 Established Commission PL 18-38 (4 CMC 2313)
Central Statistics Division 1991-08-09 Established, Dep't of Commerce & Labor Division PL 7-35 (1 CMC 2482)
Chamorro-Carolinian Language Policy Commission 1982-10-13 Established, Dep't of Community & Cultural Affairs Commission PL 3-26 (3 CMC 1202)
Civil Defense 1980-02-04 Established, Dep't of Public Safety Office PL 1-44 (1 CMC 2531)
Civil Defense 1994-08-23 Merged into Division of Emergency Operations n/a EO 94-3
Civil Detention 2004-08-20 Division, Dep't of Corrections Division PL 14-25 (1 CMC 2871)
Civil Service Commission 1978-10-06 Established Independent Commission PL 1-9
Civil Service Commission 1985-11-03 Re-established Independent Commission NMI Const. art. XX
Coastal Advisory Council 1983-02-11 Established Council PL 3-47
Coastal Advisory Council 1994-08-23 Eliminated, functions transferred to Development Advisory Council n/a EO 94-3
Coastal Resources 1980-02-01 Established Unincorporated EO 15
Coastal Resources 1983-02-11 Functions allocated to Governor Office PL 3-47
Coastal Resources 1994-08-23 Division, Dep't of Lands & Natural Resources Division EO 94-3
Coastal Resources 1999-12-21 Functions allocated to Governor Division PL 11-109
Coastal Resources 2013-11-28 Division, Bureau of Environmental & Coastal Quality Division EO 2013-24
Commerce 1978-08-10 Established (as Dep't of Commerce & Labor) Department PL 1-8
Commerce 1994-08-23 Renamed to Dep't of Commerce Department EO 94-3
Commonwealth Healthcare Corporation 2010-01-15 Established Public Corporation PL 16-51 (3 CMC 2801)
Commonwealth Utilities Corporation 1985-10-01 Established Public Corporation PL 4-47 (4 CMC 8111)
Commonwealth Utilities Corporation 1994-08-23 Division, Dep't of Public Works Public Corporation EO 94-3
Commonwealth Utilities Corporation 2006-01-27 Eliminated, functions transferred to Dep't of Public Works n/a EO 2006-1
Commonwealth Utilities Corporation 2006-05-05 Established Public Corporation EO 2006-4
Commonwealth Utilities Corporation 2006-10-24 Regulatory oversight transferred to Public Utilities Commission Independent Commission PL 15-35 (4 CMC 8401)
Community & Culture 1978-08-10 Established Department PL 1-8 (1 CMC 2351)
Conservation Districts 1985-05-01 Established, section of Dep't of Natural Resources Division PL 4-44 (2 CMC 3211)
Consumer Counsel 1990-02-02 Office, Atty Gen'l Office PL 6-46 (4 CMC 5103)
Corrections 1978-08-10 Division, Dep't of Public Safety Division PL 1-8
Corrections 2004-08-20 Established as independent department Department PL 14-25 (1 CMC 2851)
Corrections (Div) 2004-08-20 Division, Dep't of Corrections Division PL 14-25 (1 CMC 2881)
Credit Union 1995-09-18 Established Independent Credit Union PL 9-52 (4 CMC 6921)
Customs Service 1992-04-15 Division, Dep't of Finance Division 14 CR 9199
Development Advisory Council 1994-08-23 Established Independent Council EO 94-3
Development Agency 1976-03-24 Established (as Commonwealth Economic Development Loan Fund) Independent Fund Covenant, 702(c)
Development Agency 1985-05-31 Renamed to Commonwealth Development Authority Independent Agency PL 4-49 (4 CMC 10101)
Development Appeals Board 1994-08-23 Established Independent Board EO 94-3
Development Appeals Board 1998-11-20 Eliminated n/a PL 11-47
Developmental Disabilities 1994-08-23 Established, Dep't of Public Health Council EO 94-3
Developmental Disabilities 2000-08-03 Council, Office of the Governor Council PL 12-10 (1 CMC 2097)
Disaster Control 1979-10-09 Established, Dep't of Public Safety Office PL 1-40 (1 CMC 2521)
Disaster Control 1994-08-23 Merged into Division of Emergency Operations n/a EO 94-3
Drugs & Substance Abuse 1994-08-23 Established, Office of the Governor Office EO 94-3
Education 1978-08-10 Established Department PL 1-8
Education 1988-10-25 Eliminated, replaced by Public School System n/a PL 6-10 (1 CMC 2251)
Election Commission 1977-09-06 Established (as Board of Elections) Independent Board DL 5-19
Election Commission 2000-09-14 Renamed to Commonwealth Election Commission Independent Commission PL 12-18 (1 CMC 6001)
Emergency Operations 1994-08-23 Established, Office of the Governor Division EO 94-3
Environmental & Coastal Quality 2013-11-28 Established Independent Bureau EO 2013-24
Environmental Quality 1982-10-08 Division, Dep't of Public Health & Environmental Services Division PL 3-23 (1 CMC 2646)
Environmental Quality 1994-08-23 Division, Dep't of Public Works Division EO 94-3
Environmental Quality 1999-12-03 Division, Office of the Governor Division PL 11-108 (1 CMC 2650)
Environmental Quality 2013-11-28 Division, Bureau of Environmental & Coastal Quality Division EO 2013-24
Family Violence Task Force 2000-09-20 Established Committee PL 12-19 (8 CMC 1941)
Film, Video & Media 2002-11-14 Office, Marianas Visitors Authority Office PL 13-29 (4 CMC 2151)
Finance 1978-08-10 Established Department PL 1-8 (1 CMC 2551)
Fire 1978-08-10 Division, Dep't of Public Safety Division PL 1-8 (1 CMC 2501)
Fire & Emergency Medical Services 2015-01-25 Established Department PL 18-73 (1 CMC 28001)
Fish & Wildlife 1981-10-19 Division, Dep't of Natural Resources Division PL 2-51 (1 CMC 2661)
Floodplain Management 1992-11-13 Established, Dep't of Public Works Office PL 8-7 (2 CMC 7161)
Foreign Investment Assistance 2005-05-19 Established, Dep't of Commerce Office PL 14-67 (1 CMC 2495)
Foreign Investment Review 1997-02-28 Established Committee PL 10-44 (4 CMC 5911)
Free Trade Zone Authority 2000-09-22 Established Public Corporation PL 12-20 (4 CMC 51120)
Government Life & Health Insurance 1994-08-23 Office, Dep't of Finance Office EO 94-3
Government Life & Health Insurance 1996-06-21 Office, Retirement Fund Office PL 10-19 (1 CMC 8421)
Governor-Elect 1983-03-31 Established Office PL 3-53 (1 CMC 6902)
Grants Management 2009-12-14 Established, Office of the Governor Office PL 16-48 (1 CMC 2891)
Guam Office 1984-01-07 Established, Office of the Governor Office PL 3-92 (1 CMC 2091)
Hall of Fame 1983-02-11 Established Independent Commission PL 3-46 (1 CMC 412)
Hall of Fame 1994-08-23 Eliminated, functions transferred to Dep't of Community & Cultural Affairs n/a EO 94-3
Hawaii Office 1979-09-12 Established, Office of the Representative Office PL 1-38 (1 CMC 2091)
Hawaii Office 1984-01-07 Established, Office of the Governor Office PL 3-92 (1 CMC 2091)
Health & Vital Statistics 2007-03-14 Established, Dep't of Public Health Office PL 15-50 (1 CMC 26001)
Health Care Professions Licensing Board 2007-11-07 Established, successor to to Medical Profession Licensing Board Board PL 15-105 (3 CMC 2201)
Health Coordinating Council 1983-02-24 Established, Office of the Governor Council PL 3-49 (1 CMC 2075)
Health Planning & Development 1983-02-24 Agency, Office of the Governor Independent Agency PL 3-49 (1 CMC 2071)
Health Planning & Development 1994-08-23 Agency, Dep't of Public Health Agency EO 94-3
Historic Preservation 1983-01-03 Established, Dep't of Community & Cultural Affairs Office PL 3-39 (1 CMC 2381)
Historic Preservation Review 1983-01-03 Established Independent Board PL 3-39 (1 CMC 2381)
Historic Preservation Review 1994-08-23 Eliminated, functions transferred to Dep't of Community & Cultural Affairs n/a EO 94-3
Historic Preservation Review 1997-10-03 Reestablished Independent Board PL 10-71 (2 CMC 4821)
Homeland Security 2005-04-25 Established, Office of the Governor Office PL 14-63 (1 CMC 20141)
Homeland Security Advisory Committee 2005-04-25 Established, Office of Homeland Security Office PL 14-63 (1 CMC 20145)
Immigration 1978-08-10 Division, Atty Gen'l Division PL 1-8
Immigration 1994-08-23 Division, Dep't of Labor & Immigration Division EO 94-3
Immigration 2003-05-09 Division, Atty Gen'l Division EO 03-1
Immigration 2010-03-22 Eliminated n/a PL 17-1
Indigenous Affairs 1985-11-03 Established, Office of the Governor Office NMI Const. art. III, sec. 23
Indigenous Affairs 1994-08-23 Office, Dep't of Community & Cultural Affairs Office EO 94-3
Insurance Commissioner 1984-02-24 Division, Dep't of Commerce & Labor Division PL 3-107 (4 CMC 7104)
Interagency Audit Coordinating Advisory Group 1984-01-04 Established Independent Group PL 3-91 (1 CMC 2307)
Intergovernmental Relations 1988-01-29 Established, Office of the Attorney General Division PL 6-7 (1 CMC 2154)
Labor 1978-08-10 Division, Dep't of Commerce & Labor Division PL 1-8 (1 CMC 2471)
Labor 1994-08-23 Established (as Department of Labor & Immigration) Department EO 94-3
Labor 2003-05-09 Renamed to Dep't of Labor Department EO 2003-1
Land Registration 1983-10-01 Established (as Land Commission) Independent Agency PL 3-79 (2 CMC 4211)
Land Registration 1995-06-23 Eliminated, functions transferred to Division of Land Registration & Survey n/a DLNR memo
Land Registration 1994-08-23 Division, Dep't of Lands & Natural Resources Division EO 94-3
Lands & Natural Resources 1978-08-10 Established (as Department of Natural Resources) Department PL 1-8 (1 CMC 2651)
Lands & Natural Resources 1994-08-23 Renamed to Dep't of Lands & Natural Resources Department EO 94-3
Lands & Surveys 1978-08-10 Division, Dep't of Lands & Natural Resources Division PL 1-8
Lands & Surveys 1995-06-23 Eliminated, functions transferred to Division of Land Registration & Survey n/a DLNR memo
Law Revision 1981-01-15 Established Independent Commission PL 2-11
Law Revision 1993-07-19 Transferred to judicial branch Independent Commission PL 8-22 (1 CMC 3801)
Library Council 1991-01-29 Established Council PL 7-18 (3 CMC 1503)
Lottery 1983-06-03 Established Independent Commission PL 3-60 (1 CMC 9301)
Lottery 1994-08-23 Eliminated, functions transferred to Dep't of Finance n/a EO 94-3
Lottery 2013-10-07 Established Independent Commission PL 18-20 (1 CMC 9301)
Management & Budget 1994-08-23 Established Office EO 94-3
Mariana Islands Housing Authority 1978-01-07 Established Public Corporation DL 5-67 (2 CMC 4411)
Mariana Islands Housing Authority 1994-08-23 Eliminated, functions transferred to Northern Marianas Housing Corporation n/a EO 94-3
Marianas Public Land Corporation 1978-01-09 Established Public Corporation NMI Const. art. XI
Marianas Public Land Corporation 2000-12-05 Eliminated, functions transferred to Marianas Public Lands Authority n/a PL 12-33
Marianas Public Lands Authority 2000-12-05 Established Independent Agency PL 12-33
Marianas Public Lands Authority 2006-02-22 Eliminated, functions transferred to Dep't of Public Lands n/a PL 15-2
Marianas Visitors Authority 1998-06-17 Established Independent Agency PL 11-15 (4 CMC 2101)
Marianas Visitors Bureau 1976-02-11 Established Independent Bureau
Marianas Visitors Bureau 1994-08-23 Bureau, Dep't of Commerce Bureau EO 94-3
Marianas Visitors Bureau 1998-06-17 Eliminated, functions transferred to Marianas Visitors Authority n/a PL 11-15
Marine Conservation Section 2000-08-08 Established, Coastal Resources Management Section PL 12-12 (2 CMC 1633)
Marshals Service 2011-05-09 Established, judicial branch Division PL 17-41 (1 CMC 3901)
Medical Examiner 1978-08-10 Office, Dep't of Public Health & Environmental Services Office PL 1-8 (1 CMC 2631)
Medical Profession Licensing Board 1982-11-30 Established, Dep't of Public Health & Environmental Services Board PL 3-30 (1 CMC 2641)
Medical Profession Licensing Board 2007-11-07 Eliminated, functions transferred to Health Care Professions Licensing Board Board PL 15-105 (3 CMC 2201)
Medical Referral Office 1996-07-15 Office, Dep't of Public Health Office 18 CR 14218
Medical Referral Office 2013-05-02 Office, Office of the Governor Office EO 2013-9
Military Liaison & Veteran Affairs 1995-01-05 Division, Dep't of Community & Cultural Affairs (as Division of Veterans Affairs) Division PL 9-16 (1 CMC 2391)
Military Liaison & Veteran Affairs 2002-12-05 Division, Office of the Governor, renamed to Military Liaison & Veteran Affairs Division PL 13-34 (1 CMC 20122)
Mitigation Bank 1998-01-09 Established, Dep't of Lands & Natural Resources Office PL 10-84 (2 CMC 3602)
Motor Vehicles 1983-06-16 Established, Dep't of Public Safety Bureau PL 3-61 (9 CMC 1201)
Museum 1996-03-13 Established Public Corporation PL 10-5 (2 CMC 4871)
NMD Registry 2011-04-21 Registry, Commonwealth Election Commission Unincorporated PL 17-40 (1 CMC 6105)
Northern Mariana Islands Board of Nursing 2005-03-31 Established (as Commonwealth Board of Nurse Examiners), Dep't of Public Health Board PL 14-62 (3 CMC 2305)
Northern Mariana Islands Board of Nursing 2013-10-18 Renamed to Northern Mariana Islands Board of Nursing Board PL 18-25 (3 CMC 2305)
Northern Marianas College 1976-08-23 Established (as Northern Marianas Community College), Dep't of Education Agency Executive Proclamation
Northern Marianas College 1981-03-12 Reestablished, Dep't of Education Agency EO 25
Northern Marianas College 1983-01-19 Reestablished, Board of Education Agency PL 3-43 (1 CMC 2281)
Northern Marianas College 1985-03-28 Established as independed public corporation Public Corporation PL 4-34 (3 CMC 1301)
Northern Marianas Housing Corporation 1994-08-23 Established as subsidiary of Commonwealth Development Authority Public Corporation EO 94-3
Nurse Examiners, Board of 1982-11-26 Established, Dep't of Public Health & Environmental Services Board PL 3-29 (1 CMC 2643)
Nurse Examiners, Board of 2005-03-31 Eliminated, functions transferred to Commonwealth Board of Nurse Examiners n/a PL 14-62
Parks & Recreation 1999-10-08 Renamed to Division of Parks & Recreation Division PL 11-106 (1 CMC 2701)
Parks & Recreation 1978-08-10 Division, Dep't of Natural Resources (as Division of Parks & Grounds) Division PL 1-8
Personnel Management 1994-08-23 Established Independent Office EO 94-3
Personnel Management 2001-06-18 Eliminated, functions transferred to Personnel Office n/a PL 12-54
Personnel Management 2002-02-13 Established Independent Office PL 13-1
Personnel Office 1978-08-11 Office, Civil Service Commission Office PL 1-9 (1 CMC 8101)
Personnel Office 1994-08-23 Eliminated, functions transferred to Office of Personnel Management n/a EO 94-3
Personnel Office 2001-06-18 Office, Civil Service Commission Office PL 12-54
Personnel Office 2002-02-13 Eliminated, functions transferred to Office of Personnel Management n/a PL 13-1
Planning Office 1994-08-23 Established, Office of the Governor Office EO 94-3
Ports Authority 1975-01-01 Established (as Mariana Islands Airport Authority) Independent Agency Micronesia PL 6-58
Ports Authority 1981-10-08 Renamed to Commonwealth Ports Authority Independent Agency PL 2-48 (2 CMC 2101)
Ports Authority 1994-08-23 Division, Dep't of Public Works Division EO 94-3
Ports Authority 1999-12-21 Restored to independence Independent Agency PL 11-109
Ports Authority 2008-05-12 Emergency allocation to Governor Unincorporated EO 2008-3
Ports Authority 2008-09-03 Restored to independence Independent Agency EO 2008-7
Pre-trial Detention 2004-08-20 Division, Dep't of Corrections Division PL 14-25 (1 CMC 2861)
Procurement & Supply 1978-08-10 Division, Dep't of Finance Division PL 1-8 (1 CMC 2551)
Professional Licensing 1978-08-10 Established Independent Board PL 1-8 (4 CMC 3101)
Professional Licensing 1994-08-23 Division, Dep't of Public Works Division EO 94-3
Professional Licensing 1999-09-21 Restored to independence Independent Board PL 11-99 (4 CMC 3101)
Public Auditor 1978-08-10 Established Independent Office PL 1-8 (1 CMC 2301)
Public Defender 1978-08-10 Established Independent Office PL 1-8 (1 CMC 2201)
Public Health 1978-08-10 Established (as Dep't of Public Health & Environmental Services) Department PL 1-8 (1 CMC 2601)
Public Health 1994-08-23 Renamed to Dep't of Public Health Department EO 94-3
Public Health 2010-01-15 Eliminated, functions transferred to Commonwealth Healthcare Corporation n/a PL 16-51
Public Lands 1997-05-27 Division, Dep't of Lands & Natural Resources Division PL 10-57 (1 CMC 2671)
Public Lands 2000-12-05 Department Department PL 12-33 (1 CMC 2801)
Public Liaison 1994-08-23 Established, Office of the Governor Office EO 94-3
Public Safety 1978-08-10 Established Department PL 1-8 (1 CMC 2501)
Public School System 1988-10-25 Established Public Corporation PL 6-10 (1 CMC 2251)
Public Utilities Commission 2001-02-23 Established Agency PL 12-39 (4 CMC 8403)
Public Works 1978-08-10 Established Department PL 1-8 (1 CMC 2401)
Registrar of Corporations 1978-08-10 Division, Atty Gen'l Division 37 TTC 51
Registrar of Corporations 1997-11-13 Division, Dep't of Commerce Division EO 97-03
Respite Services 2004-10-13 Established, Council on Developmental Disabilities Program PL 14-36 (3 CMC 2432)
Retirement Fund 1980-01-18 Established Public Corporation PL 1-43 (1 CMC 8301)
Revenue & Taxation 1978-08-10 Division, Dep't of Finance Division PL 1-8 (1 CMC 2571)
Scholarship Advisory Board 1985-03-28 Allocated to NMC Board of Regents Unincorporated PL 4-34 (3 CMC 1316)
Scholarship Advisory Board 1994-08-23 Board, Office of the Governor Board EO 94-3
Scholarship Advisory Board 2014-03-21 Eliminated, functions transferred to Scholarship Board n/a PL 18-40
Scholarship Board 2014-03-21 Established Independent Board PL 18-40 (3 CMC 10102)
Sports & Recreation 1994-08-23 Established, Dep't of Community & Cultural Affairs Division EO 94-3
Support Disbursement Unit 2004-10-12 Unit, Office of the Treasury Unit PL 14-34 (8 CMC 1572)
Taxicabs 1991-07-31 Bureau, Dep't of Finance Bureau PL 7-33
Taxicabs 1994-08-23 Eliminated, functions transferred to Dep't of Commerce n/a EO 94-3
Telecommunications 1985-10-01 Functions allocated to Commonwealth Utilities Corp Unincorporated PL 4-47 (4 CMC 8121)
Telecommunications 2001-02-23 Established as Commonwealth Telecommunications Commission Independent Commission PL 12-39 (4 CMC 8401)
Terrorism Task Force 2005-04-25 Established, Office of Homeland Security Office PL 14-63 (1 CMC 20145)
Tobacco Prevention & Advisory Control 2002-12-13 Established Independent Board PL 13-37 (3 CMC 2175)
Transit Authority 2011-05-27 Established, Office of the Governor Office PL 17-43 (1 CMC 20161)
Treasury 1978-08-10 Established, Dep't of Finance Office PL 1-8 (1 CMC 2561)
Victim Witness Advocacy 1998-01-06 Established (as Office of Victims' Rights), Criminal Justice Planning Agency Office PL 10-81
Victim Witness Advocacy 2010-01-29 Unit, Office of the Attorney General Unit PL 16-52 (6 CMC 9102)
Victim's Advocate 2000-09-20 Office, Office of the Attorney General Office PL 12-19 (8 CMC 1923)
Vocational Rehab 1978-08-10 Established, Dep't of Public Health & Environmental Services Office PL 1-8 (1 CMC 2603)
Vocational Rehab 2005-07-29 Office, Office of the Governor Office PL 14-81 (1 CMC 20151)
Weights & Measures 1978-01-01 Functions allocated to Governor Unincorporated DL 5-20 (4 CMC 5421)
Weights & Measures 1994-08-23 Functions allocated to Dep't of Commerce Unincorporated EO 94-3
Women's Affairs 1985-11-03 Established, Office of the Governor Office NMI Const. art. III, sec. 22
Women's Affairs 1994-08-23 Office, Dep't of Community & Cultural Affairs Office EO 94-3
Worker's Comp 1989-10-25 Commission, Retirement Fund Commission PL 6-33 (4 CMC 9351)
Worker's Comp 2012-11-09 Commission, Dep't of Commerce Commission PL 17-88 (4 CMC 9351)
Youth Affairs (council) 2001-10-19 Established, Office of the Governor Office PL 12-67 (1 CMC 20102)
Youth Services 1981-07-28 Division, Dep't of Community & Cultural Affairs Division PL 2-19 (1 CMC 2371)
Youth Services 1994-08-23 Established, Office of the Governor Office EO 94-3
Youth Services 1998-11-20 Eliminated n/a PL 11-47
Zoning Board 1989-06-27 Board, Dep't of Natural Resources Board PL 6-32 (2 CMC 7201)
Zoning Board 1993-04-29 Board, Coastal Resources Management (but validity in question) Board SLL 8-7 (10 CMC 3511)